下面為大家整理一篇優秀的essay代寫范文- Japanese cultural hegemony penetrates，供大家參考學習，這篇論文討論了日本文化霸權滲透。日本動漫短短幾十年的迅速崛起發展，帶來了多方面的影響，給日本自身也帶來了一條完整的產業經濟鏈，在這樣一個網絡發達的時代，日本動漫的快速傳播，形成了獨特的日本動漫文化，這種文化中容易讓人忽視的其自帶的文化霸權。動漫作為日文文化滲透傳播的一個很重要的渠道，其影響力一步步成長為控制力，這種優勢對其他國家的文化構成了不可抗拒的霸權。日本所具有的霸權優勢，便是其他國家擔憂的源頭。
The rapid rise of the Japanese anime just a few decades development, brings the effect of many sided, brought Japan itself is a complete chain of industrial economy, in such a network developed era, the rapid spread of anime and manga, formed the unique Japanese anime culture, which easy to neglect its own cultural hegemony. From the cultural infiltration of animation, we can see the expression of Japanese cultural hegemony through three variables. The cultural hegemony displayed in the cultural infiltration of animation has its own characteristics. There are many reasons why animation can become a communication medium, and eventually it will be transformed into cultural hegemony through "soft power".
In today's globalized society with developed network, the competition and game among countries are no longer limited to the traditional hard power such as economy and military, and culture has gradually become an important aspect of the competition among countries. Different from the traditional military, culture has its own unique charm. By virtue of its Hollywood blockbusters, American TV series and other media, the United States inculcates the ideology and thoughts that belong to the United States to other countries, so as to penetrate them and achieve the cultural hegemony that belongs to the United States.
Japan is known as the "kingdom of animation". After decades of development, the animation industry in this country has gradually matured in terms of management, operation and market expansion, making Japan rapidly become a big exporter of cultural industry. Japanese animation quickly swept the whole world with a lightning-fast momentum, which caused a certain degree of impact on the animation industry of other countries.
Japan's animation industry started from the 1940s. In the 1980s, Japanese animation developed by leaps and bounds. Since then, it has been continuously developed with a large number of world-renowned works. Japan's animation industry walk in the forefront of the world, from a series of data, we can see the Japanese anime output of the great number of them, on the Internet in China, a series of typical anime from Japan, for example: the detective conan "naruto" the prince of tennis "ferocious giants" and so on, these anime playing amount to tens of millions of even more, and these anime shows about Japan's national way of life, thinking habits, ideology and culture in a strong stance spread to all countries. From these cartoons, you can spy out Japanese food, clothing, religion, art, place names and so on. As some extremely has the national characteristics such as kimono of Japan, Shinto shrine and so on, these hidden culture caused a lot of other countries culture degree of impact, "anime fans all over the world," everybody in through the anime culture subconsciously to Japan had a crush of the country's culture, animation mode of transmission through an initiative with the mandatory for cultural penetration, makes the national culture of other countries by, people's weak sense of national identity, gradually from the psychological bias in Japanese culture, which is belong to "cultural hegemony" of Japan.
Cultural hegemony is a very difficult concept to express. In order to better study the phenomenon of cultural hegemony shown in animation, we will analyze the phenomenon of Japanese cultural hegemony through the following three main variables.
There are many studies on the Japanese national character. In his book kikuo and the sword, Benedict described the Japanese character as follows: "the Japanese are very aggressive and gentle; Militaristic and beautiful; Disdainful and courteous; Stubborn and incorrigible; Tame and unwilling to be manipulated; Loyal and subject to rebellion; Brave and cowardly; Conservative and welcoming new ways of life. They care a great deal about what others think of them, but when others are ignorant of their misdeeds, they are overcome by sin. Their soldiers are thoroughly trained, but they are resistant." The "chrysanthemum" in the book represents the imperial family and the "dao" represents the bushido spirit of Japan. The description of these characters is very abstract, but animation is exactly these abstractions through the screen in front of animation fans in various countries.
Japanese culture originally originated from China, but in the process of development, it has injected some cultural symbols with its own national characteristics. In animation, there are many cultural symbols that belong to Japan alone. For example, all kinds of "tao" of Japanese national culture shown in Japanese animation are actually originated from China, but few people know it now. For example, "xiangdao" comes from the incense spread to Japan during jianzhen's dongdu. The origin of "shudao" and ancient Chinese calligraphy; During the sui and tang dynasties, Chinese swordsmanship was introduced into Japan. Karate was originally called "tang quan". There are "tea ceremony", "flower arrangement" and so on, these originated from Chinese culture, in the Japanese deliberately ritualized, evoked a kind of sacred and solemn imagination, as if immediately become the characteristics of Japanese culture, speaking of these cultures, people first think of Japan.
In many of the Japanese anime, "gundam", "rebellious lu road", "sin crown" has a similar plot, so the hero in the war or through untold hardships in the suffering, suffering is a collective memory of the bearer, and finally to save the world, sometimes even sacrifice. On the surface, it seems to be due to Japanese individual heroism, but is it really so?
The heroism shown in these cartoons is, in essence, just an ambition for hegemony in Japan: in ultraman, which is popular all over the world, the headquarters of the so-called world-saving institution is set up in Japan, which represents what, and the ambition behind Japan is self-evident. Japan, the national ambition for hegemony never hide in the anime, anime hero as the image of Christ, so virtually is the anime fans to some other country conveys a message: the image of the savior comes from Japan, the savior of aren't sparkle is a map of Japan national, so when faced with hardships, Japan, the nation will like performance in the anime? Such psychological implications reveal Japan's ambitions. While the local culture, which is virtually suppressed by the culture expressed in the animation, is in a position of being dominated, the Japanese culture is virtually in a position of being a leader, and its influence is even more difficult to estimate.
Japan's cultural hegemony is manifested in the above three aspects. From the above phenomena, we can see that cultural hegemony has three characteristics: closure, deception and inheritance.
Its cultural hegemony is reflected in the fact that no matter which animation works in Japan, there will inevitably be its own cultural characteristics, adhering to the so-called national characteristics. It can be said that Japan's cultural hegemony goes out step by step through its insistence on national characteristics. It is precisely because of this kind of "closure" that Japan's culture goes out and leads the cultural market step by step. In order to seek international market, many countries even abandon their national characteristics to cater to the world's appetite. To some extent, this is a phenomenon of "cultural weakness". In the world by storm earlier cartoon film "your name", in a seemingly ordinary love story in the anime, from music to the picture, the Japanese have your ways to put their own national characteristics into the inside, in a long description for the Japanese shrine, impressive, Japan's national culture with great interest, at the same time, local conditions and customs of the image is real in Japan. In some social media in China, many netizens even expressed the wish to experience this kind of cultural infiltration phenomenon in person, and this cartoon is just a small example of projection.
Inheritance can be said to be a major prerequisite to achieve closure. The inheritance of cultural hegemony, as its name implies, is embodied in the inheritance of Japanese culture. Japan's long Chinese cultural heritage, holding his own style, only the strong, to some extent, is the instinct pursuit of "hegemony" in Japanese culture, the culture of this country to absorb other countries the most advanced culture part, abandon the dross, can say Japan both western culture of the Middle East, this is because the inheritance of the unique, then gradually evolved slowly became the own culture unique to Japan, Japanese culture style, and the Japanese obviously very proud for their own inheritance culture. And this inheritance in animation, is also very clear performance.
As a developed capitalist country, Japan's economic and technological level is beyond doubt. After World War II, Japan quickly recovered its economy and rapidly developed into a developed country. Its economic and technological status made it stable.
At the same time, the Japanese government attaches great importance to the cultivation of animation talents. In the report on the development of animation industry released by the government, the issue of talent cultivation is mentioned almost every time. In addition, Japanese animation talent training methods are flexible and diverse, both formal school education, and a variety of forms of short-term lectures and training courses. Especially since the 1990 s, the traditional education mode, some changes have taken place in higher education in animation talent training, especially after entering the 21st century, many universities have set up the animation specialty, to the further development of Japanese animation industry in the new period to cultivate a large number of outstanding talents, and this is only belong to the characteristics of Japanese animation industry.
If government support is an affirmation of the animation industry, then the support of Japan's huge public groups, folk producers and technicians will guarantee the long-term development of animation. It is the support of these people that makes animation an important media.
The Japanese government to the attention of the anime, to some extent can be said to be released to the public a kind of signal, so the animation in Japan has a great support for the masses, values and popularity is very high, can literally in Japan, from the initial pseudonym child to busy working for the life all the animation as an important form of the peacetime leisure. Anime itself has played an important role in the minds of the Japanese public.
At the same time, the Japanese anime career with a large and is suitable for making people and technical operation for backing, in Japan, is engaged in the professional and amateur comic workers, and even many of Japan's children are the dream as a cartoonist, in such circumstances, no surprise there will be a large number of professional and amateur creative group for the development of Japanese anime conception and technical guarantee, in any country is unable to achieve.
The reason why people in other countries have a fanatical interest in animation is inseparable from the charm of Japanese animation itself. In 2017, the Japan animation association published the annual report of the animation industry in English version on its official website, which reported a detailed survey of the Japanese animation industry in 2016. In 2016, the output value of the whole animation industry reached a record high of 2000.9 billion yen. Since 2013, the output value of the Japanese animation industry has been growing at a rate of 10%. Although the figures in the picture are improved, most of the growth of these figures comes from overseas markets, which shows the high contribution of people from other countries to Japanese animation.
Japanese anime attracts people, especially teenagers, no matter from the plot, or the production of screen technology or the cultural connotation contained therein. The characters in the story are full and full of emotion. "borrowing" makes the story of Japanese animation more rich and diverse, not limited to one theme. In terms of technology, Japanese animation is well made, not only in the picture, but also in the songs with unique Japanese charm, wonderful dubbing of cartoon characters, and some smooth fighting pictures. And contains the local conditions and customs of Japan, the food culture, but also deeply attracted people, especially in most anime conveys the spirit, makes it resonate, inspire people to face life, this is the charm of animation itself, but also because this kind of charm, makes animation is an important medium.
As a very important channel for the infiltration and dissemination of Japanese culture, anime has gradually grown into a controlling force, which constitutes an irresistible hegemony over the culture of other countries. Japan's hegemonic superiority is a source of concern for others. Nowadays, the cultural infiltration phenomenon brought by animation controls the whole animation market, and even some subcultures begin to fill the market. Facing these impacts, our country should always be alert, improve the level of animation design in our country, cultivate animation talents, so that the culture of our country can go out. At the same time to strengthen the national culture, especially the youth identity. Under the domination of the cultural hegemony of animation channels, what should the culture of other countries do? This is a problem that countries should be worried about and alert to.