美國電影賞析作業-Apocalypse Now – Theme Development

發布時間:2020-05-28 23:08
Apocalypse Now – Theme Development
I’ve looked into the heart of darkness
Where the blood –red journey ends
When you’ve faced the heart of darkness
Even your soul begins to bend…《現代啟示錄》-主題發展
我看著黑暗之心
在血液-red旅程結束
當你面對黑暗之心
即使你的靈魂開始彎曲…
 
電影《現代啟示錄》創立于1979年由弗朗西斯·福特Copola生產商。它是基于這本書是約瑟夫·康拉德“黑暗之心”。主演的演員是馬丁光澤,馬龍·白蘭度,羅伯特Duvall和其他人。這本書告訴讀者們在非洲旅行了一條河叢林。這部電影八獎品被提名為最佳影片、最佳男配角(羅伯特·Duvall)、最佳導演、最佳劇本獎,最佳藝術指導/套裝飾和最佳電影剪輯,但這部電影只贏得了兩個應得的榮譽獎項:最佳攝影獎(維Storaro)、最佳音效獎。
這故事的確是致力于越南戰爭,但從另一方面來說,這是一個旅行到最深的走廊的人類腳掌,人類的心靈。其主要目的創造這個自己描述為一個電影科波拉想:“創造一個電影的經驗,這將會給觀眾的感覺恐怖,瘋狂、感性與道德進退兩難的越南戰爭”(1)。他居然設法做這件事,把觀眾進入大氣層的瘋狂和恐懼的戰爭,進入體驗現實的越南戰爭。這樣做是通過聲音、使用的原始資料和場景,我們聽到和看到的圖像hallucinatory殘酷的越南戰爭。影片結束時的或含糊不清的是令人迷惑不解。
我們看不出傳統的冠軍之初的電影,電影的標題所提出的涂鴉在這部電影的結尾。
當我們遇到——本杰明。威陸軍上尉,他與他在旅館里,靠近他,我們看到了一堆帳單,他的錢包,一個女人的圖片,一個敞開的信,信封、香煙、玻璃和警戒線藍瓶,和一支槍躺在他的枕頭。他似乎失去了與外界的聯系和集中只有在對戰爭的記憶。他自己就是怕他是漸入佳境,他意識到他在等待一個任務,又要回到越南。他的任務是找到并殺死上校庫爾特,誰是叢林中的某處戰斗用他自己的軍隊。但只要隊長威拉德正在經歷著叢林更他覺得精神錯亂的力量來他,他都變得越來越喜歡的人應該是他殺死。他不只是一個軍官,他是一些當地的部落的領袖,他是有罪的執行一些越南代理商,他認為它們是雙重間諜。作為一般的狀態達到崩潰的沃爾特·庫爾特已經瘋了。這是難怪隨著戰爭的混合所有的理想、能力、道德和軍事實踐,人類的心靈失去的能力去區分好的和壞的和理性和非理性的亂得一塌糊涂。
當威拉德領受他的使命最后,他記得他對別人殺,以為他要做什么當他發現這一位。和他的任務變成了一個旅行變成瘋子和幻覺。其實整部電影,顯示我們的隊長威拉德沿著這條小道庫爾茨作為其中的瘋狂和絕望。
 
The film Apocalypse Now was created in 1979 by producer Francis Ford Copola. It was based upon the book by Joseph Conrad “Heart of Darkness”. The starring actors were Martin Sheen, Marlon Brando, Robert Duvall and others. The book tells the readers about the trip up a river in African jungles. The film was nominated for eight awards: Best Picture, Best Supporting Actor (Robert Duvall), Best Director, Best Screenplay, Best Art Direction/Set Decoration, and Best Film Editing, but the film won only two well-deserved awards: Best Cinematography (Vittorio Storaro) and Best Sound.
The story is certainly devoted to the Vietnam War, but on the other hand this is a trip into the deepest corridors of human sole, of human psyche. The main aim of creating this film Coppola himself described as a wish to: “create a film experience that would give its audience a sense of the horror, the madness, the sensuousness and the moral dilemma of the Vietnam War” (1). He actually managed to do it, to put the audience into the atmosphere of madness and horrors of the war, into the experiential reality of Vietnam War. This was done through sounds, usage of original materials and scenes, we hear and see the hallucinatory images of the brutal war in Vietnam. The end of the movie was baffling and ambiguous.
We do not see the traditionary titles at the beginning of the movie, the title of the movie is presented as graffiti at the end of the film.
When we meet the Army captain – Benjamin Willard, he is isolated in his hotel room, near him we see a pile of bills, his wallet, a woman’s picture, an opened letter and envelope, cigarettes, a glass and Cordon Bleu bottle, and a gun lying near his pillow. He seems to lose the connection with the outside world and be concentrated only on memories of the war. He is himself afraid that he is getting crazy, he realizes that he is waiting for a mission and wants to get back to Vietnam. He mission was to find and kill Colonel Kurtz, who was somewhere in the jungles fighting with his own army. But as long as Captain Willard was going through the jungles the more he was feeling the power of insanity coming over him and he was becoming more and more like the person he was supposed to kill. Kurtz was not simply an officer, he was the leader of some native tribe, he was guilty in executing some Vietnamese agents, and he considered them to be double agents. As General states Walter Kurtz reaching his breaking point had gone insane. It was no wonder as the war mixed up all the ideals, powers, morality and military practice, human minds lost the ability to differentiate between good and bad and rational and irrational was in a mess.
When Willard receives his mission at last, he remembers about other people he had to kill and thinks what he would do when he find this one. And his mission turns into a trip into madness and hallucinations. Actually the whole movie shows us how Captain Willard followed the path of Kurtz which consisted of madness and despair.
One of the crucial moments at the end of the movie is the situation with photojournalist, who found the cap of Kurtz and stayed there as a witness, he actually played the role of balancing figure between Kurtz and Willard.
There are a lot of moments in the movie, when the audience is stunned because of their deep emotional shock. One of the best war scenes is the helicopter attack in the Vietnam village and the famous phrase: “I love the smell of the napalm in the morning”.
It is hard to watch the scene when a patrol boat stops a fishing boat with a family, one of the soldiers opens fire when a small girl suddenly start to run after her puppy. As a result the whole family is shot, only the mother seems to stay alive, but Captain Willard doesn’t want to break his mission and instead of taking her to some medical treatment he simply kills her.
Another remarkable scene is when one of the members f the crew of the captain Willard states that they should go to the forest to look for mangos. Willard being not able to stop him goes after him, and they are shown as: “little human specks at the foot of towering trees… this moment shows how nature dwarfs us….” (1).
Most people agree that “Apocalypse Now” is the best Vietnam film. It doesn’t simply present the historical facts about the war, it actually leads to the truths people would prefer not to reveal and leads to the deep dark places of human souls, of human hearts. This film was also called one of the key films of the century. We could call this film a psychological one as well, the film presents man’s unconscious mind and what contradictions and complexities are inside of it, all the problems connected with communicating them to the outside world.
The two main characters are actually closely connected to each other and the culminating experience of the journey is the realization of this psychological bond. They both represent the moral and other aspects of each other’s psyches, most of these aspects come as results of the jungle trip and the effects upon the behavior. Both characters are affected by the wilderness, especially Kurtz – we are told it “echoed loudly within him because he was hollow at the core” (1). So, we can not state that the only main theme of the film is the war itself, this theme is extended through the presentations of human relations, feelings, emotions, moral values during war. There could hardly be a person who would not be influenced by the atmosphere presented in the movie, who would be able to easily forget the scenes and the sounds seen and heard.
Sources:
1. The Film “Apocalypse Now”, Vladimir Zelevinsky, 2002,pp. 1-4
 
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