Report怎么寫:“碳稅”對澳大利亞企業的影響

發布時間:2019-10-19 22:50
Report怎么寫:“碳稅”對澳大利亞企業的影響

本報告的主要目的是探討澳大利亞的“碳稅”對澳大利亞企業的影響。在各種業務中,這些能源密集型企業是需要討論的對象。將說明對這些公司的影響,包括它們的戰略和國內和國際競爭力。
眾所周知,溫室氣體(主要是二氧化碳)的排放量增加,導致氣候變化,進而威脅全球經濟和人類生活。氣候變化造成的影響,包括熱浪增加,干旱和暴雨,造成農業產量下降,從而威脅糧食安全,和海平面上升,導致棲息地和珍貴的淡水損失(瑞秋,2011)。現在是我們找到解決問題的辦法,減少二氧化碳排放量,拯救我們自己的時候了。如今,美國、歐盟和加拿大等國家和地區實施了碳政策。澳大利亞作為煤炭、鐵礦石和鋁的主要出口國,對當前全球碳排放負有責任。它在2011實施了“碳稅”,希望把澳大利亞從高碳消費、低效率經濟轉向更高效、低碳燃燒的經濟(托尼,2011),對碳排放的價格不僅影響碳密集型產業,而且影響普通消費者。在這份報告中,我們重點的影響,碳電需要,在位于澳大利亞的公司。在主體部分,問題關于“碳稅”影響的策略和競爭力的企業將進一步揭示。
1引言
如前所述,各種政策應注意避免氣候變化帶來的損害,將全球經濟從化石燃料,促進高效、清潔的能源,氣候政策妥協的碳稅,限額交易計劃和其他配套政策,如效率標準,保持和提高可再生能源的激勵機制。從現在起,碳稅顯然是比較直接、簡單和最適用的政策。
雖然澳大利亞不是唯一一個排放碳排放量的國家,但仍有許多國家和地區以經濟利益為中心,不愿采取行動。然而,任何政府在短期利益的選擇和長期利益的選擇上都不容易,特別是在復雜的國內和國際經濟環境中。毫無疑問,作為實施氣候政策的少數國家之一,澳大利亞正面臨著更多的機遇和挑戰。
 
2、討論與分析
2.1“碳稅”對企業戰略的影響
毫無疑問,當碳排放定價,不再是自由的industriesturn排放,低碳的選擇。他們會發現努力減少排放是有利可圖的。因此,新能源、清潔、高效、氣候友好型技術的研究與開發將受到更多的關注。在新開發的低碳技術中,企業將找到替代舊能源的技術,以降低成本。此外,碳排放量影響企業在生產、經營、管理和投資方面的戰略。
在生產方式2.1.1變化、經營和管理
碳稅對企業的影響最為明顯的是,他們作為發射源的支付他們的排放,必須負責他們的活動。以化石燃料行業為例,提高化石燃料的價格將反映能源和消費產品的零售價格(Lidia,2011)。在成本的壓力下,各行業都有興趣調查生產和運行過程中的碳排放情況。他們可能發現需要明確他們所能承受的成本壓力在現有的技術條件下,為提高技術的房間,尤其是highcoal消費企業。此外,能源密集型企業也將重點放在accountingandsatisics,找出成本的構成和成本上升的主要原因。有了上述信息,他們將采取更有效的生產經營方式,減少不必要的開支,提高經營效率,從而找到減少碳排放、降低成本、降低經營風險、謀求利潤的途徑。

Report怎么寫:“碳稅”對澳大利亞企業的影響

The main purpose of this report is to discuss the effect of Australia’s “Carbon Tax” on firms located in Australia. In the various kinds of business, these energy-intensive firms are the object to be discussed. The way of the effect on these companies, comprising their strategies and domestic and international competitiveness will be illustrated.
As we all know the rising emissions of greenhouse gases, mainly carbon dioxide, lead to climate change and consequently threatening the global economics and human life. The impacts of climate change include increases in heat waves, droughts, and heavy precipitation, resulting in a decline in agricultural yields and consequently threating food security, and sea-level rise, leading to loss of habitat and precious fresh water (Rachel, 2011). It is the time that we find ways to tackle with it, to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide, and to save ourselves. Nowadays, countries and regions, such as the United States, the EU and Canadian, have implemented carbon policies. Australia, as the major exporter of coal, iron ore and aluminium, is responsible for the current global carbon emissions. And it has implemented “Carbon Tax” in 2011, with the hope to move Australia from a high carbon consumption, inefficient economy to a more efficient, lower carbon burning economy (Tony, 2011).Putting a price on carbon emissions will not only affect the carbon-intensive industry, but ordinary consumers. In this report, we focus on the effluence, the carbon charge takes, on firms located in Australia. And in the main section, the question about how the “Carbon Tax” affects the strategies and competiveness of firms will be further reveled.
1. Introduction
As mentioned before, a variety of policy should be taken to avoid damage from climate change, take global economy away from fossil fuels, and promote efficient and clean energy.The climate policies compromise carbon tax, cap-and trade program and other complementary policies such as efficiency standards, incentives for preserving and enhancing renewable forms of energy. From now, the carbon tax, apparently, is comparatively a more direct, simple and most employed policy.
Although Australia is not the only country who price carbon emissions, there are still many countries and regions, focusing on economic interests,are reluctant to take action. However, it is not easy for any government in choosing what they can get in a short-term profits and what they should do for a long-term interests, especially in the complex domestic and international economic environment. There is no doubt, Australia as one of the few countries implementing climate policies, is now facing more opportunities and challenges.
 
2. Discussion and analysis
2.1 “Carbon Tax” affect strategies of firms
Doubtless, when carbon emissions are priced and simply no longer be free to emit, the industriesturn to low carbon choices. They will find it profitable to try hard to reduce emissions. Consequently, research and development about new energy, clean, efficient and climate-friendly technologies will gain more attention. And in the developed new low-carbon technologies, the firms will find substitute for their old energy-extensive one to lower their costs. Also, the carbon charge affects the strategies of firms in production, operation, management and investment.
2.1.1 Change in way of production, operation and management
The most apparent influence of carbon tax on firms is that, they as emitters pay for their emissions and have to be responsible for their activities.Take fossil fuels industry as example, increasing the price of fossil fuels will reflect retailing prices of energy and consumer products (Lidia, 2011). Under the pressure of cost, the industries have the incentive to investigate the details about carbon emissions during the process of production and operation. They may find the need to clearly define the cost pressure they can bear in the existing technical condition, and the room for improving technologies, especially for highcoal consumption enterprises. Besides, the energy-intensive firms will also focus on the accountingandsatisics, to find the constitution of cost and the main part that cause cost rising. With the information above, they would adopt more efficient forms of production and operation, cut down unnecessary spending and improve their operation efficiency.Consequently, they may find the way to reduce the carbon emissions, turn down cost, low the risk of management and seek profits at the same time.
 
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