Report代寫范文-日本的快遞業

發布時間:2019-10-20 01:37
下面為大家整理一篇優秀的Report代寫范文- Japan's express delivery industry,供大家參考學習,這篇論文討論了日本的快遞業。快遞行業對于一個國家的經濟發展具有非常重要的作用,同時能夠反映出一國貿易的發展程度。日本快遞業經過40年的發展,現已進入了行業成熟期。從日本快遞市場的供給方面來看,快遞企業服務網絡的擴大和服務水平的提高帶來了業務量的增加。

Express industry plays a very important role in the economic development of a country, and can also reflect the development level of a country's trade. Especially with the rise of e-commerce in recent years, we can intuitively feel the convenience brought to life by express delivery. After 40 years of development, Japan's express delivery industry has entered a mature period. The development trajectory of China's express industry has many similarities with that of Japan. The development experience of Japan's express industry has certain reference significance for the transformation and upgrading of China's express industry. Frequent international trade further promotes the rapid development of the express industry between China and Japan.

<标题>   快遞業在一個國家的經濟發展中起著非常重要的作用,也可以反映一個國家貿易的發展水平。特別是近年來電子商務的興起,我們可以直觀地感受到快遞給生活帶來的便利。經過40年的發展,日本快遞業已進入成熟期。中國快遞業的發展軌跡與日本有許多相似之處。日本快遞業的發展經驗對我國快遞業的轉型升級具有一定的借鑒意義。頻繁的國際貿易進一步促進了中日快速發展。

<标题>   Reviewing the development stage of Japanese express market, it can be divided into birth period, development period and stable growth period. At present, there are 21 domestic express delivery enterprises in Japan, with 11,000 direct outlets nationwide, and all cities above the county level have been covered. According to relevant data, the volume of express delivery business in Japan reached 4.2 billion in 2017. From the perspective of supply in the Japanese express market, the expansion of service network of express delivery enterprises and the improvement of service level brought about an increase in business volume. In 1975, yamato transportation company had a delivery network coverage of 3%, with 30,000 pieces of business. In 1982, the coverage rate exceeded 50%, and the business volume increased to 73 million pieces. In 1997, the coverage rate reached 100%, and the business volume reached 750 million pieces.

<标题>   回顧日本快遞市場的發展階段,可以分為誕生期、發展期和穩定增長期。目前,日本國內快遞企業21家,全國直銷店11000家,縣級以上城市均已覆蓋。根據相關數據,2017年日本快遞業務量達到42億。從日本快遞市場供給的角度來看,快遞企業服務網絡的擴張和服務水平的提高,帶來了業務量的增加。1975年,山本運輸公司的配送網絡覆蓋率為3%,業務量達3萬件。1982年,覆蓋率超過50%,業務量增加到7300萬件。1997年,覆蓋率達到100%,業務量達到7.5億件。

<标题>   There are two main ways to expand the express network. One is to set up business outlets in various places, and the other is to sign franchise agreements with existing local logistics companies. In Japan, express delivery companies expand their service network mainly through direct sales. At present, although China is mainly engaged in franchising, logistics enterprises that adopt direct operation mode are rapidly occupying market share with good service level. In the fierce market competition, enterprises that have perfect operation network and information system and can make large-scale investment quickly occupy the advantageous position of the market, and the market begins to show the trend of monopoly centralization. With the expansion of enterprise scale, the improvement of business volume, the utilization rate of operation network and professional equipment increases, the logistics cost of individual goods decreases, thus forming the advantage of scale economy.

  擴展Express網絡有兩種主要方法。一是在各地設立營業網點,二是與當地現有物流公司簽訂特許經營協議。在日本,快遞公司主要通過直銷擴展其服務網絡。目前,雖然我國主要從事特許經營,但采用直接經營模式的物流企業以良好的服務水平迅速占據市場份額。在激烈的市場競爭中,具有完善的經營網絡和信息系統,能夠進行大規模投資的企業迅速占據了市場的優勢地位,市場開始呈現壟斷集中的趨勢。隨著企業規模的擴大、業務量的提高、運營網絡和專業設備的利用率的提高,個體商品的物流成本降低,形成了規模經濟的優勢。

  From the perspective of the demand of Japanese express market, the use of express starts from the field of C toC. Japan has the custom of giving gifts and red envelopes during the hungry ghost festival and at the end of the year. Gifts are given with the intention of the giver, so they should not be debased during delivery. Consumers have put forward high requirements for the convenience and timeliness of express service. In order to improve their competitiveness in the market, Japanese express enterprises have made great efforts to optimize the fast and convenient delivery and service skills training of couriers. At the same time, in order to meet the personalized needs of consumers, some differentiated service products are also developed.

  從日本快遞市場的需求來看,快遞的使用是從c-toc領域開始的。日本有在饑餓的鬼節和年底送禮物和紅包的習俗。送禮是出于送禮人的意愿,因此在送禮過程中不應貶低送禮人的身份。消費者對快遞服務的方便性和及時性提出了很高的要求。為了提高日本快遞企業在市場上的競爭力,日本快遞企業努力優化快遞員快速便捷的送貨和服務技能培訓。同時,為了滿足消費者的個性化需求,還開發了一些差異化的服務產品。

  In the field of BtoB, as enterprise logistics becomes more frequent and less quantified, express delivery becomes increasingly popular. At first, it was documents and important parts. Then samples of goods, electronic products and other small value-added goods began to be sent by express delivery. Compared with other logistics methods, express delivery has the advantages of higher frequency and shorter delivery time, and is more suitable for goods with high freight burden. In the 1980s, with the diversification of distribution channels such as newspapers, magazines, radio, television and Internet, express delivery has been widely used in BtoC fields such as direct delivery of origin and mail order. In recent years, with the boom of e-commerce, the volume of express delivery services has soared, with an increase of about 600 million in the last five years.

  在btob領域,隨著企業物流越來越頻繁、數量越來越少,快遞越來越受歡迎。起初,它是文件和重要部分。隨后,貨物樣品、電子產品和其他小增值貨物開始通過快遞發送。與其他物流方式相比,快遞具有交貨頻率高、交貨時間短的優點,更適合于高運費的貨物。20世紀80年代,隨著報紙、雜志、廣播、電視、互聯網等分銷渠道的多樣化,快遞已廣泛應用于直接送貨、郵購等BTOC領域。近年來,伴隨著電子商務的蓬勃發展,快遞服務量猛增,近五年增加了6億左右。

  Besides consumer supervision, administrative supervision by the government is also a factor that promotes the improvement of express delivery service. The government will introduce relevant regulations to restrain the unqualified business behaviors, so as to ensure the continuous improvement of the service level of the express industry. In 1984, Japan promulgated the "standard delivery contract", which made relevant provisions on delivery time, compensation for damages, cargo restrictions and other aspects. In addition, when the existing system cannot meet the current development situation of express industry, the government will relax the administrative control. For example, the act on motor vehicle transport of goods removes the restriction of business division and the act on motor transport of goods liberalizes combined transport services, all of which have created conditions for the further expansion of the service network.

<标题>   Japan's postal system faces huge challenges as the country's population ages, declines in size, and structural problems such as the government's fiscal crisis. In 2005, Japan passed the postal privatization reform bill. The promotion of postal privatization has brought new development opportunities to the express industry.

<标题>   In recent years, with the rapid economic growth, China's express delivery industry has also ushered in good development opportunities. From 2011 to 2017, express delivery volume increased from 3.7 billion pieces to 40.1 billion pieces, ranking first in the world for four consecutive years. Among China's express delivery companies, only two state-owned enterprises, China postal express and logistics co., and China railway express co., had nationwide service networks. For private enterprises, the establishment of new service network will generate huge costs, and it is not easy to participate in market competition. Most private enterprises only carry out distribution business in specific cities. They do not directly face consumers, but receive business commissions from the headquarters of the franchise as a franchise. However, the state monopoly has led to low service standards, and private enterprises seize this opportunity to compete with it.

<标题>   Express enterprises, postal EMS, jingdong logistics and sf express use direct mode, and known as "four one to reach" shentong, yantong, zhitong, huitong and yunda five enterprises are used to join the way, small logistics companies around the signing of the joining agreement, you can use their brand to develop express business. In recent years, with the rapid development of China's domestic economy, the people's way of life has also undergone great changes. One of the most striking is the change in the way shopping works. The vigorous development of e-commerce has become an important driving force for the express delivery industry. In 2017, about 68 percent of express delivery business came from e-commerce, and e-commerce orders accounted for more than 80 percent of the business of major private express companies.

  For express delivery enterprises, the profit of one piece of e-commerce goods is less than that of ordinary goods, but due to the reason of scale delivery, the cost related to the collection of goods is greatly reduced. As price competition intensifies and free distribution becomes the mainstream, it is very important to ensure the quantity of goods in order to squeeze out profits. This also further promotes the development trend of express delivery market centralization. With the rapid development of express delivery industry, many problems have surfaced. As far as consumer complaints are concerned, they mainly focus on delivery service, delay and loss. The main reasons are as follows: the professional quality of express delivery workers is uneven, and the staff training mechanism is not perfect. Competition within the industry is fierce, the vicious cycle of low prices is serious, and the management of small and medium-sized enterprises is extensive.

<标题>   In the process of the development of Japan's express delivery market, although strict regulation has hindered the expansion of business innovation and service network to some extent, it has also played a significant positive role in protecting the legitimate rights and interests of consumers. For China, which is developing rapidly, it is of great significance to establish a sound regulatory mechanism to ensure reasonable competition in the express delivery market and improve the service level.

  The promulgation of the postal law of the People's Republic of China stipulates the access conditions of express delivery market in terms of registered capital and business license. The measures for the administration of express delivery market and the guidelines for the operation of express delivery business further explain the links such as "receiving, Posting, sorting, transportation and delivery". The formulation of legal system is of great significance to ensure the healthy development of express delivery industry. However, as far as the development of China's express delivery market is concerned, many small and medium-sized private enterprises are trapped in vicious price competition and lack of service awareness, and do not conduct business operations in accordance with the standard terms.

<标题>   To sum up, the first part of this paper analyzes the development mode of Japan's express industry, expounds the development characteristics of China's express industry, and summarizes the supervision systems of the two countries' express industry. China's express delivery industry and Japan's express delivery industry have many similarities, but also have many different characteristics.

<标题>   On the supply level, only 21 domestic express delivery business, express delivery business mainly concentrated in the yamato transport, sagawa JiBian, Japan post three express enterprises, these Courier companies have advanced equipment and complete service network, has formed the scale economy effect, it's for the enterprise to carry on the standardized management, set up service standards, provides support to improve operation efficiency. However, in China, the entry threshold of express delivery market is low, with a large number of private express companies and uneven service level. The express industry should further improve its concentration through mergers and reorganizations, and reduce operating costs and improve service capacity through resource sharing and mutual benefit. On the other hand, Japanese express enterprises mostly adopt direct operation mode and build their own operation network, so they can optimize internal management, effectively control the whole network system, improve efficiency and reduce operating costs. At present, most of our country is the way of joining, only a few adopt direct management, there are many problems in the management, so we need to further optimize the operation of the enterprise, strengthen the management, assessment of the franchise, improve the level of enterprise management.

<标题>   From the demand level, in Japan, various express enterprises will be the further subdivided market, in the ordinary mail business, international business, have different focuses on aspects such as comprehensive logistics business, provide diversification, human nature, delivery of services in the high quality products, to avoid the vicious price competition, safeguard the healthy and orderly development of the market. On the contrary, thousands of express delivery companies in China provide standard express services, engage in homogenized competition and price wars, and disrupt the normal market order. China's express industry needs to further tap the potential market demand, expand the service dimension and standardize the service process, so as to realize the transformation to high-end express enterprises.

<标题>   From the perspective of supervision and management, the systems of Japan and China have played a good role in guaranteeing the development of express industry. The next step is to further implement relevant laws and regulations to improve the legalization and standardization of express delivery industry. At the same time, central and local policies should be brought into full play to create a favorable environment for the development of express delivery industry.

<标题>   At present, with the rapid development of China's economy, the 13th five-year plan for the development of postal service issued by the state post office of China has clearly defined the target of completing the construction of a moderately prosperous society by 2020. With the further expansion of China's domestic and international trade, China's express industry will continue to develop in a healthy and scientific way.

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